Diabetes Mellitus is fatal combination of genetic predisposition and a sedentary life style. This World Diabetes Day Nutritionpotli gives you an insight about the types and symptoms of diabetes. As well as 8 super foods that are helpful in controlling diabetes.
Types of Diabetes Mellitus:
Type 1 Diabetes – Is an autoimmune condition. It’s caused by the body attacking its own pancreas with antibodies. In people with Type 1 diabetes, the damaged pancreas doesn’t make insulin.
This type of diabetes may be caused by a genetic predisposition. It could also be the result of faulty beta cells in the pancreas that normally produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are Type 1.
Having Type 1 diabetes does require significant lifestyle changes that include:
1.Frequent testing of your blood glucose levels.
2.Careful meal planning.
4.Taking insulin and other medications as needed.
5.People with type 1 diabetes can lead long, active lives if they carefully monitor their glucose levels, make the needed lifestyle changes, and adhere to the treatment plan.
Type 2 Diabetes – In this type the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Approximately 90% of all cases are Type 2 diabetes worldwide. The warning signs of diabetes can be so mild that you don’t notice them. That’s especially true of type 2 diabetes. When they do appear, one of the first may be being thirsty a lot. Others include dry mouth, bigger appetite, peeing a lot sometimes as often as every hour, unusual weight loss or gain, blurred vision, cuts or sores that are slow to heal, frequent yeast infections or urinary tract infections & itchy skin.
Some health habits and medical conditions related to your lifestyle can raise your odds of having type 2 diabetes, including:
1.Being overweight, especially at the waist.
2.A couch potato lifestyle.
4.Eating a lot of red meat, processed meat, high-fat dairy products, and sweets.
5.Unhealthy cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Gestational Diabetes – This type affects females during pregnancy. It is often diagnosed in middle or late pregnancy. Because high blood sugar levels in a mother are circulated through the placenta to the baby, gestational diabetes must be controlled to protect the baby’s growth and development.
8 Diabetic Super Foods:
Non-Starchy Vegetables: Non-starchy vegetables include dark, leafy greens, green beans and peppers. Loading up at least a quarter of your plate with non-starchy veggies at each meal can help to fill you up on lots of fiber and fewer calories, which can aid in both blood glucose stabilization and weight reduction.
Whole Grains: The complex carbohydrate make-up of whole grains breaks down slowly, releasing glucose into your bloodstream at a much more gradual pace than their processed counterparts.Many whole grains contain valuable nutrients, such as magnesium, potassium & chromium, which has been shown to play an important role in reducing insulin resistance.
Fenugreek Seeds: Fenugreek seeds may be helpful to people with diabetes because they contain fiber and other chemicals that are thought to slow digestion and the body’s absorption of carbohydrates and sugar. The seeds may also help to improve the way the body uses sugar and increase the amount of insulin released.
Black Plum or Indian Black Berry (Jambul): Helps in controlling blood sugar level because it contains anthocyanins, ellagic acid, hydrolysable tannins etc. Each part of the Jambul plant such as the leaves, berry and seeds can be used by those suffering from diabetes. Research has shown that the fruits and seeds of this plant have hypoglycemic effects as they help reduce blood and urine sugar levels rapidly. The seeds, in particular, contain glycoside jamboline and alkaloid jambosine that regulate control blood sugar levels.
Indian Gooseberry (Amla): Indian gooseberry, also known as Amla, is rich in vitamin C and Indian gooseberry juice promotes proper functioning of your pancreas.
Bitter Gourd: Bitter gourd is helpful for controlling diabetes due to its blood glucose lowering effects. It tends to influence the glucose metabolism all over your body rather than a particular organ or tissue.
It helps increase pancreatic insulin secretion and prevents insulin resistance. Thus, bitter gourd is beneficial for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, it cannot be used to entirely replace insulin treatment.
Flaxseeds: Eating flaxseed reduces blood sugar levels after a meal and increases insulin levels because of its high content of soluble fibre. Flaxseed has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity.